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Reference: Milgrom E, et al. (2007) Loss of vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase activity in yeast results in chronic oxidative stress. J Biol Chem 282(10):7125-36

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Abstract


Yeast mutants lacking vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) subunits (vma mutants) were sensitive to several different oxidants in a recent genomic screen (Thorpe, G. W., Fong, C. S., Alic, N., Higgins, V. J., and Dawes, I. W. (2004) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 101, 6564-6569). We confirmed that mutants lacking a V(1) subunit (vma2Delta), V(o) subunit, or either of the two V(o) a subunit isoforms are acutely sensitive to H(2)O(2) and more sensitive to menadione and diamide than wild-type cells. The vma2Delta mutant contains elevated levels of reactive oxygen species and high levels of oxidative protein damage even in the absence of an applied oxidant, suggesting an endogenous source of oxidative stress. vma2Delta mutants lacking mitochondrial DNA showed neither improved growth nor decreased sensitivity to peroxide, excluding respiration as the major source of the endogenous reactive oxygen species in the mutant. Double mutants lacking both VMA2 and components of the major cytosolic defense systems exhibited synthetic sensitivity to H(2)O(2). Microarray analysis comparing wild-type and vma2Delta mutant cells grown at pH 5, permissive conditions for the vma2Delta mutant, indicated high level up-regulation of several iron uptake and metabolism genes that are part of the Aft1/Aft2 regulon. TSA2, which encodes an isoform of the cytosolic thioredoxin peroxidase, was strongly induced, but other oxidative stress defense systems were not induced. The results indicate that V-ATPase activity helps to protect cells from endogenous oxidative stress.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Milgrom E, Diab H, Middleton F, Kane PM
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