Gene expression in eukaryotes is largely controlled at the level of transcriptional initiation by gene-specific activators. Transcriptional activators stimulate the assembly of general transcription factors on the promoter to form a preinitiation complex (PIC). Such a stimulated assembly of PIC is believed to result from a direct interaction between the activator and one or more components of the transcription machinery, termed the "target". Based primarily upon in vitro protein-protein interaction experiments, a variety of factors have been proposed to be the direct targets of activators. However, whether any of these are bona fide in vivo targets required for stimulation of PIC assembly and hence transcriptional activation remains mostly unknown, primarily because of lack of appropriate experimental methods. Using a confocal microscopy-based FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) assay, we have recently identified the target of a prototypic activator, Gal4p, in living yeast cells. Here, we describe the FRET assay in general for analysis of the targets of transcriptional activators in living yeast cells. Such an assay can also be used as a general method to monitor protein-protein interactions in vivo.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|