Reference: Luo F, et al. (2007) Modular organization of protein interaction networks. Bioinformatics 23(2):207-14

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Abstract

MOTIVATION: Accumulating evidence suggests that biological systems are composed of interacting, separable, functional modules. Identifying these modules is essential to understand the organization of biological systems. RESULT: In this paper, we present a framework to identify modules within biological networks. In this approach, the concept of degree is extended from the single vertex to the sub-graph, and a formal definition of module in a network is used. A new agglomerative algorithm was developed to identify modules from the network by combining the new module definition with the relative edge order generated by the Girvan-Newman algorithm. A JAVA program, MoNet, was developed to implement the algorithm. Applying MoNet to the yeast core protein interaction network from the database of interacting proteins (DIP) identified 86 simple modules with sizes larger than 3 proteins. The modules obtained are significantly enriched in proteins with related biological process GeneOntgology terms. A comparison between the MoNet modules and modules defined by Radicchi et al. (2004) indicates that MoNet modules show stronger co-clustering of related genes and are more robust to ties in betweenness values. Further, the MoNet output retains the adjacent relationships between modules and allows the construction of an interaction web of modules providing insight regarding the relationships between different functional modules. Thus, MoNet provides an objective approach to understand the organization and interactions of biological processes in cellular systems. AVAILABILITY: MoNet is available upon request from the authors.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Luo F, Yang Y, Chen CF, Chang R, Zhou J, Scheuermann RH
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Interaction Annotations

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Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

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Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

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Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

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Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference