PEX1 is a type II AAA-ATPase that is indispensable for biogenesis and maintenance of the peroxisome, an organelle responsible for the primary metabolism of lipids, such as beta-oxidation and lipid biosynthesis. Recently, we demonstrated a striking structural similarity between its N-terminal domain and those of other membrane-related AAA-ATPases, such as valosine-containing protein (p97). The N-terminal domain of valosine-containing protein serves as an interface to its adaptor proteins p47 and Ufd1, whereas the physiologic interaction partner of the N-terminal domain of PEX1 remains unknown. Here we found that N-terminal domains isolated from valosine-containing protein, as well as from PEX1, bind phosphoinositides. The N-terminal domain of PEX1 appears to preferentially bind phosphatidylinositol 3-monophosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate, whereas the N-terminal domain of valosine-containing protein displays broad and nonspecific lipid binding. Although N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein, CDC48 and Ufd1 have structures similar to that of valosine-containing protein, they displayed lipid specificity similar to that of the N-terminal domain of PEX1 in the assays. By mutational analysis, we demonstrate that a conserved arginine surrounded by hydrophobic residues is essential for lipid binding, despite very low sequence similarity between PEX1 and valosine-containing protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|