A mitochondrial matrix copper ligand (CuL) complex, conserved in mammalian cells, is the likely source of copper for assembly of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) and superoxide dismutase 1 (Sod1) within the intermembrane space (IMS) in yeast. Targeting the copper-binding proteins human Sod1 and Crs5 to the mitochondrial matrix results in growth impairment on non-fermentable medium caused by decreased levels of CcO. This effect is reversed by copper supplementation. Matrix-targeted Crs5 diminished Sod1 protein within the IMS and impaired activity of an inner membrane tethered human Sod1. Copper binding by the matrix-targeted proteins attenuates levels of the CuL complex without affecting total mitochondrial copper. These data suggest that attenuation of the matrix CuL complex via heterologous competitors limits available copper for metallation of CcO and Sod1 within the IMS. The ligand also exists in the cytoplasm in an apparent metal-free state.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|