The Mediator head module stimulates basal RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription and enables transcriptional regulation. Here we show that the head subunits Med8, Med18 and Med20 form a subcomplex (Med8/18/20) with two submodules. The highly conserved N-terminal domain of Med8 forms one submodule that binds the TATA box-binding protein (TBP) in vitro and is essential in vivo. The second submodule consists of the C-terminal region of Med8 (Med8C), Med18 and Med20. X-ray analysis of this submodule reveals that Med18 and Med20 form related beta-barrel folds. A conserved putative protein-interaction face on the Med8C/18/20 submodule includes sites altered by srb mutations, which counteract defects resulting from Pol II truncation. Our results and published data support a positive role of the Med8/18/20 subcomplex in initiation-complex formation and suggest that the Mediator head contains a multipartite TBP-binding site that can be modulated by transcriptional activators.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|