Alr1p is an integral plasma membrane protein essential for uptake of Mg(2+) into yeast cells. Homologs of Alr1p are restricted to fungi and some protozoa. Alr1-type proteins are distant relatives of the mitochondrial and bacterial Mg(2+)-transport proteins, Mrs2p and CorA, respectively, with which they have two adjacent TM domains and a short Mg(2+) signature motif in common. The yeast genome encodes a close homolog of Alr1p, named Alr2p. Both proteins are shown here to be present in the plasma membrane. Alr2p contributes poorly to Mg(2+) uptake. Substitution of a single arginine with a glutamic acid residue in the loop connecting the two TM domains at the cell surface greatly improves its function. Both proteins are shown to form homo-oligomers as well as hetero-oligomers. Wild-type Alr2p and mutant Alr1 proteins can have dominant-negative effects on wild-type Alr1p activity, presumably through oligomerization of low-function with full-function proteins. Chemical cross-linking indicates the presence of Alr1 oligomers, and split-ubiquitin assays reveal Alr1p-Alr1p, Alr2p-Alr2p, and Alr1p-Alr2p interactions. These assays also show that both the N-terminus and C-terminus of Alr1p and Alr2p are exposed to the inner side of the plasma membrane.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|