Atg18 and Atg21 are homologous S. cerevisiae autophagy proteins. Atg18 is essential for biogenesis of Cvt vesicles and autophagosomes, while Atg21 is only essential for Cvt vesicle formation. We found that mutated Atg18-(FTTGT), which lost almost completely its binding to PtdIns3P and PtdIns(3,5)P(2), is non-functional during the Cvt pathway but active during autophagy and pexophagy. Since the Cvt pathway does not depend on PtdIns(3,5)P(2), we conclude that the Cvt pathway requires binding of Atg18 to PtdIns3P. Mutated Atg21-(FTTGT) is inactive during the Cvt pathway but showed only partly reduced binding to PtdIns-phosphates, suggesting further lipid binding domains in Atg21. GFP-Atg18-(FTTGT) and Atg21-(FTTGT)-GFP are released from vacuolar punctae to the cytosol.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|