The mammalian cytoplasmic protein SirT2 is a member of the Sir2 family of NAD+-dependent protein deacetylases involved in caloric restriction-dependent life span extension. We found that SirT2 and its yeast counterpart Hst2 have a strong preference for histone H4K16Ac in their deacetylation activity in vitro and in vivo. We have pinpointed the decrease in global levels of H4K16Ac during the mammalian cell cycle to the G2/M transition that coincides with SirT2 localization on chromatin. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) deficient for SirT2 show higher levels of H4K16Ac in mitosis, in contrast to the normal levels exhibited by SirT1-deficient MEFs. The enzymatic conversion of H4K16Ac to its deacetylated form may be pivotal to the formation of condensed chromatin. Thus, SirT2 is a major contributor to this enzymatic conversion at the time in the cell's life cycle when condensed chromatin must be generated anew.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|