Reference: Shianna KV, et al. (2006) Genomic characterization of POS5, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial NADH kinase. Mitochondrion 6(2):94-101

Reference Help

Abstract

Disruption of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial NADH kinase POS5 increases the mitochondrial mutation rate 50-fold. Whereas most multicellular eukaryotic genomes have one NADH kinase gene, the yeast genome contains three distinct genes encoding NAD/H kinase activity. To determine if all three genes are essential for viability we constructed combinations of gene knockouts. We show that only the pos5Deltautr1Delta combination is synthetically lethal, demonstrating an essential overlapping function, and showing that NAD/H kinase activity is essential for eukaryotic viability. The single human NAD/H kinase gene can rescue the lethality of the double knockout in yeast, demonstrating that the single human gene can fill the various functions provided by the three yeast genes. The human NAD/H kinase gene harbors very common sequence variants, but all of these equally complement the synthetic lethality in yeast, illustrating that each of these are functionally wild-type. To understand the molecular mechanism of the mitochondrial genome instability of pos5 mutation we performed gene expression analysis on the pos5Delta. The pos5Delta resulted in an increase in expression of most of the iron transport genes including key genes involved in iron-sulfur cluster assembly. Decreased expression occurred in many genes involved in the electron transport chain. We show that the pos5Delta expression pattern is similar to the frataxin homolog knockout (yfh1Delta), the yeast model for Friedreich's ataxia. These combined data show that the POS5 NAD/H kinase is an important protein required for a variety of essential cellular pathways and that deficient iron-sulfur cluster assembly may play a critical role in the mitochondrial mutator phenotype observed in the pos5Delta.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Shianna KV, Marchuk DA, Strand MK
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference