Reference: Rosenblum-Vos LS, et al. (1991) The ROX3 gene encodes an essential nuclear protein involved in CYC7 gene expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol 11(11):5639-47

Reference Help

Abstract

The ROX3 gene was identified during a hunt for mutants with increased expression of the heme-regulated CYC7 gene, which encodes the minor species of cytochrome c in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The rox3 mutants caused a 10-fold increase in CYC7 expression both in the presence and absence of heme, had slightly increased anaerobic expression of the heme-activated CYC1 gene, and caused decreases in the anaerobic expression of the heme-repressed ANB1 gene and the aerobic expression of its heme-induced homolog. The wild-type ROX3 gene was cloned, and the sequence indicated that it encodes a 220-amino-acid protein. This protein is essential; deletion of the coding sequence was lethal. The coding sequence for beta-galactosidase was fused to the 3' end of the ROX3 coding sequence, and the fusion product was found to be localized in the nucleus, strongly suggesting that the wild-type protein carries out a nuclear function. Mutations in the rox3 gene showed an interesting pattern of intragenic complementation. A deletion of the 5' coding region complemented a nonsense mutation at codon 128 but could not prevent the lethality of the null mutation. These results suggest that the amino-terminal domain is required for an essential function, while the carboxy-terminal domain can be supplied in trans to achieve the wild-type expression of CYC7. Finally, RNA blots demonstrated that the ROX3 mRNA was expressed at higher levels anaerobically but was not subject to heme repression. The nuclear localization and the lack of viability of null mutants suggest that the ROX3 protein is a general regulatory factor.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Rosenblum-Vos LS, Rhodes L, Evangelista CC Jr, Boayke KA, Zitomer RS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference