Conformational change within the spliceosome is required between the first catalytic step of pre-mRNA splicing, when the branch site attacks the 5' splice site (SS), and the second step, when the 5' exon attacks the 3'SS. Little is known, however, about repositioning of the reaction substrates during this transition. Whereas the 5'SS is positioned for the first step by pairing with the invariant U6 snRNA-ACAGAG site, we demonstrate that this pairing interaction must be disrupted to allow transition to the second step. We propose that removal of the branch structure from the catalytic center is in competition with binding of the 3'SS substrate for the second step. Changes in the relative occupancy of first and second step substrates at the catalytic center alter efficiency of the two steps of splicing, allowing use of suboptimal intron sequences and thereby altering substrate selectivity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|