The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a multi-subunit ubiquitin-ligase whose major functions in the cell cycle are the initiation of sister chromatid separation and the inactivation of cyclin-dependent kinases. This complex is also essential for meiosis, a specialized form of the cell cycle characterized by two consecutive rounds of chromosome segregation. To ensure a proper meiotic cell cycle, the activity of APC/C needs to be tightly controlled. It is now evident that inhibitors of APC/C play pivotal roles to avert its untimely activation. During prophase I, this ubiquitin-ligase must be kept inactive to prevent precocious sister chromatid separation. Studies in yeast showed that this inhibition is mediated by a specific subunit of the complex. Accurate chromosome segregation in meiosis I depends on spindle checkpoint proteins such as Mad2 which delay APC/C activation in response to an erroneous spindle attachment of chromosomes. Additional APC/C antagonists are known to block complete cyclin destruction between meiosis I and II, thereby ensuring that cyclin dependent kinases remain active and that DNA replication does not occur. Inhibitors of APC/C also mediate the cytostatic factor induced metaphase II arrest of oocytes. This review highlights the current knowledge about the role and relevance of these diverse regulators of the meiotic APC/C.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|