Protein thiol oxidation subserves important biological functions and constitutes a sequel of reactive oxygen species toxicity. We developed two distinct thiol-labeling approaches to identify oxidized cytoplasmic protein thiols in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Inone approach, we used N-(6-(biotinamido)hexyl)-3'-(2'-pyridyldithio)-propionamide to purify oxidized protein thiols, and in the other, we used N-[(14)C]ethylmaleimide to quantify this oxidation. Both approaches showed a large number of the same proteins with oxidized thiols ( approximately 200), 64 of which were identified by mass spectrometry. We show that, irrespective of its mechanism, protein thiol oxidation is dependent upon molecular O(2). We also show that H(2)O(2) does not cause de novo protein thiol oxidation, but rather increases the oxidation state of a select group of proteins. Furthermore, our study reveals contrasted differences in the oxidized proteome of cells upon inactivation of the thioredoxin or GSH pathway suggestive of very distinct thiol redox control functions, assigning an exclusive role for thioredoxin in H(2)O(2) metabolism and the presumed thiol redox buffer function for GSH. Taken together, these results suggest the high selectivity of cytoplasmic protein thiol oxidation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|