Reference: Oh CS and Martin CE (2006) Candida albicans Spt23p controls the expression of the Ole1p Delta9 fatty acid desaturase and regulates unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. J Biol Chem 281(11):7030-9

Reference Help

Abstract

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the endoplasmic reticulum membrane proteins scSpt23p and scMga2p control the formation of unsaturated fatty acids by a mechanism that involves their release from the membrane by ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. The resulting soluble polypeptides act as transcription activators that specifically control the expression of scOLE1, a gene that encodes scOle1p, a Delta9 fatty acid desaturase that forms cis-monounsaturated fatty acids (9Z-16:1 and 9Z-18:1) from saturated fatty acyl-CoA precursors. ScOle1p is the only long chain fatty acid desaturase in Saccharomyces and its membrane and storage lipids contain only saturated fatty acids and the monounsaturated products of that enzyme. Most other fungi, however, express multiple endoplasmic reticulum desaturases, including enzymes that form both mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids. These typically include Delta12 and Delta15 enzymes that form the polyunsaturated species, 9Z,12Z-18:2, and 9Z,12Z,15Z-18:3, which are the most abundant fatty acids in membrane and storage lipids. An analysis of genomic DNA sequences shows that Candida albicans has a single homologue of the Saccharomyces scSPT23 and scMGA2 genes that we designate here as caSPT23. This study describes the characterization of the caSPT23 gene product and shows that it can repair the unsaturated fatty acid auxotrophy when it is expressed in a Saccharomyces scspt23Delta;scmga2Delta strain. In addition we show caSPT23 is essential for the expression of one of the two Delta9 desaturase homologues in Candida and potentially other functions associated with fatty acid metabolism.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Authors
Oh CS, Martin CE
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference