Rabex-5, the mammalian orthologue of yeast Vps9p, is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Rab5. Rabex-5 forms a tight complex with Rabaptin-5, a multivalent adaptor protein that also binds to Rab4, Rab5 and to domains present in gamma- adaptins and the Golgi-localized, gamma-ear-containing, ARF-binding proteins (GGAs). Rabaptin-5 augments the Rabex-5 exchange activity, thus generating GTP-bound, membrane-associated Rab5 that, in turn, binds Rabaptin-5 and stabilizes the Rabex-5/Rabaptin-5 complex on endosomes. While the Rabex-5-Rabaptin-5 complex is critical to the regulation of endosomal fusion, the structural determinants of this interaction are unknown. Likewise, the possible binding and covalent attachment of ubiquitin to Rabex-5, two modifications that are critical to the function of yeast Vps9p in endosomal transport, have not been studied. In this study, we identify the 401-462 and 551-661 coiled coils as the regions in Rabex-5 and Rabaptin-5, respectively, that interact with one another. We also demonstrate that Rabex-5 undergoes ubiquitination and binds ubiquitin, though not via its proposed CUE-like domain. Instead, an alpha-helix immediately adjacent to the Rabex-5 Cys2/Cys2 zinc finger binds ubiquitin, and residues in both the zinc finger and the adjacent ubiquitin binding site are important for the in vivo ubiquitination of Rabex-5. Importantly, we demonstrate that the Rabex-5 zinc finger displays ubiquitin ligase (E3) activity. These observations extend our understanding of the regulation of Rabex-5 by Rabaptin-5. Moreover, the demonstration that Rabex-5 is an ubiquitin ligase that binds ubiquitin and undergoes ubiquitination indicates that its role in endosome fusion may be subject to additional regulation by ubiquitin-dependent modifications.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|