Reference: Arikawa Y, et al. (1999) Isolation of sake yeast strains possessing various levels of succinate- and/or malate-producing abilities by gene disruption or mutation. J Biosci Bioeng 87(3):333-9

Reference Help

Abstract


Succinate and malate are the main taste components produced by yeast during sake (Japanese alcohol beverage) fermentation. Sake yeast strains possessing various organic acid productivities were isolated by gene disruption. Sake fermented using the aconitase gene (ACO1) disruptant contained a two-fold higher concentration of malate and a two-fold lower concentration of succinate than that made using the wild-type strain K901. The fumarate reductase gene (OSM1) disruptant produced sake containing a 1.5-fold higher concentration of succinate as compared to the wild-type, whereas the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase gene (KGD1) and fumarase gene (FUMI) disruptants gave lower succinate concentrations. The Deltakgd1 disruptant exhibited lower succinate productivity in the earlier part of the sake fermentation, while the Deltafum1 disruptant showed lower succinate productivity later in the fermentation, indicating that succinate is mainly produced by an oxidative pathway of the TCA cycle in the early phase of sake fermentation and by a reductive pathway in the later phases. Sake yeasts with low succinate productivity and/or high malate productivity was bred by isolating mutants unable to assimilate glycerol as a carbon source. Low malate-producing yeasts were also obtained from phenyl succinate-resistant mutants. The mutation of one of these mutant strains with low succinate productivity was found to occur in the KGD1 gene. These strains possessing various succinate- and/or malate-producing abilities are promising for the production of sake with distinctive tastes.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Arikawa Y, Kobayashi M, Kodaira R, Shimosaka M, Muratsubaki H, Enomoto K, Okazaki M
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference