A large number of post-transcriptional base modifications in transfer RNAs have been described (Sprinzl, M., Horn, C., Brown, M., Ioudovitch, A., and Steinberg, S. (1998) Nucleic Acids Res. 26, 148-153). These modifications enhance and expand tRNA function to increase cell viability. The intermediates and genes essential for base modifications in many instances remain unclear. An example is wyebutosine (yW), a fluorescent tricyclic modification of an invariant guanosine situated on the 3'-side of the tRNA(Phe) anticodon. Although biosynthesis of yW involves several reaction steps, only a single pathway-specific enzyme has been identified (Kalhor, H. R., Penjwini, M., and Clarke, S. (2005) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 334, 433-440). We used comparative genomics analysis to identify a cluster of orthologous groups (COG0731) of wyosine family biosynthetic proteins. Gene knock-out and complementation studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae established a role for YPL207w, a COG0731 ortholog that encodes an 810-amino acid polypeptide. Further analysis showed the accumulation of N(1)-methylguanosine (m(1)G(37)) in tRNA from cells bearing a YPL207w deletion. A similar lack of wyosine base and build-up of m(1)G(37) is seen in certain mammalian tumor cell lines. We proposed that the 810-amino acid COG0731 polypeptide participates in converting tRNA(Phe)-m(1)G(37) to tRNA(Phe)-yW.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|