Exoribonucleases function in the processing and degradation of a variety of RNAs in all organisms. These enzymes play a particularly important role in the maturation of rRNAs and in a quality-control pathway that degrades rRNA precursors upon inhibition of ribosome biogenesis. Strains with defects in 3'-5' exoribonucleolytic components of the RNA processing exosome accumulate polyadenylated precursor rRNAs that also arise in strains with ribosome biogenesis defects. These findings suggested that polyadenylation might target pre-rRNAs for degradation by the exosome. Here we report experiments that indicate a role for the 5'-3' exoribonuclease Rat1p and its associated protein Rai1p in the degradation of poly(A)(+) pre-rRNAs. Depletion of Rat1p enhances the amount of poly(A)(+) pre-rRNA that accumulates in strains deleted for the exosome subunit Rrp6p and decreases their 5' heterogeneity. Deletion of RAI1 results in the accumulation of poly(A)(+) pre-rRNAs, and inhibits Rat1p-dependent 5'-end processing and Rrp6p-dependent 3'-end processing of 5.8S rRNA. RAT1 and RAI1 mutations cause synergistic growth defects in the presence of rrp6-Delta, consistent with the interdependence of 5'-end and 3'-end processing pathways. These findings suggest that Rai1p may coordinate the 5'-end and 3'-end processing and degradation activities of Rat1p and the nuclear exosome.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|