Take our Survey

Reference: Jones J, et al. (2005) Controlling N-linked glycan site occupancy. Biochim Biophys Acta 1726(2):121-37

Reference Help

Abstract

N-linked glycosylation, a common co-translational modification in eukaryotic cells, involves the transfer of a lipid-linked oligosaccharide onto asparagine residues in a tripeptide sequon on a nascent protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum. The attachment of an oligosaccharide unit to the polypeptide at the site of occupancy can enhance solubility, improve folding, facilitate secretion, modulate antigenicity, and increase in vivo half-life of the glycoprotein. A number of proteins exhibit variable site occupancy. The efficiency of protein N-glycosylation is dependent on the kinetics of the individual steps in the biosynthesis of the dolichol-linked oligosaccharide and the transfer of the oligosaccharide from the lipid donor substrate to the nascent polypeptide. In this review, we will discuss the role of N-linked glycan site occupancy and give an overview of the possible limitations associated with variable site occupancy. The characterization of the dolichol pyrophosphate biosynthetic pathway and the recent identification of potential rate limiting enzymes in yeast and mammalian cells has made it possible to investigate their role in site occupancy. Genetic and biochemical characterization of oligosaccharide transferase (OST) complex in yeast and mammalian cells have demonstrated the importance of specific OST subunits in protein N-glycosylation. In addition, insights into the location and residues in and around the acceptor tripeptide sequon suggest an influence on N-glycan site occupancy. Insights from these characterizations are being used to elucidate methodologies to control N-glycosylation site heterogeneity.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Jones J, Krag SS, Betenbaugh MJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference