The biogenesis of mitochondrial matrix proteins involves the translocase of the outer membrane, the presequence translocase of the inner membrane and the presequence translocase-associated motor. The mitochondrial heat shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) forms the central core of the motor. Recent studies led to the identification of Zim17, a mitochondrial zinc finger motif protein that interacts with mtHsp70. Different views have been reported on the localization of Zim17 in the mitochondrial inner membrane or matrix. Depletion of Zim17 impairs several critical mitochondrial processes, leading to inhibition of protein import, defects of Fe/S protein biogenesis and aggregation of Hsp70s in the matrix. Additionally, we found that inactivation of Zim17 altered the morphology of mitochondria. These pleiotropic effects raise the question of the specific function of Zim17 in mitochondria. Here, we report that Zim17 is a heat shock protein of the mitochondrial matrix that is loosely associated with the inner membrane. To address the function of Zim17 in organello, we generated a temperature-sensitive mutant allele of the ZIM17 gene in yeast. Upon a short-term shift of the yeast mutant cells to a non-permissive temperature, matrix Hsp70s aggregated while protein import, Fe/S protein activity and mitochondrial morphology were not, or only mildly, affected. Only after a long-term shift to non-permissive temperature, were strong defects in protein import, Fe/S protein activity and mitochondrial morphology observed. These findings suggest that the heat shock protein Zim17 plays a specific role in preventing protein aggregation in the mitochondrial matrix, and that aggregation of Hsp70s causes pleiotropic effects on protein biogenesis and mitochondrial morphology.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|