Cells lacking KTI12 or Elongator (ELP) genes are insensitive to the toxin zymocin, and also share more general phenotypes. Moreover, data from low-stringency immunoprecipitation experiments suggest that Elongator and Kti12 may interact. However, the precise relationship between these factors has not been determined. Here we use a variety of approaches to investigate the possibility that Elongator and Kti12 functionally overlap. Native Kti12 purified to virtual homogeneity under stringent conditions is a single polypeptide, but depletion of Kti12 from a yeast extract results in co-depletion of Elongator, indicating that these factors do interact. Indeed, biochemical evidence suggests that Elongator and Kti12 form a fragile complex in physiological salt conditions. Purified Kti12 does not affect Elongator histone acetyltransferase activity in vitro. However, a variety of genetic experiments comparing the effects of mutation in ELP3 and KTI12 alone and in combination with other transcription factor mutations clearly demonstrate a significant functional overlap between Elongator and Kti12 in vivo. Intriguingly, chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments show that Kti12 is associated with chromatin throughout the genome, even in non-transcribed regions, and in the absence of Elongator. Conversely, RNA-immunoprecipitation experiments indicate that Kti12 only plays a minor role for Elongator association with active genes. Together, these experiments indicate a close physical and functional relationship between Elongator and the highly conserved Kti12 protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|