Reference: Wada S, et al. (2005) Phosphorylation of candida glabrata ATP-binding cassette transporter Cdr1p regulates drug efflux activity and ATPase stability. J Biol Chem 280(1):94-103

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Abstract


Fungal ATP-binding cassette transporter regulation was investigated using Candida glabrata Cdr1p and Pdh1p expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Rephosphorylation of Pdh1p and Cdr1p was protein kinase A inhibitor-sensitive but responded differentially to Tpk isoforms, stressors, and glucose concentration. Cdr1p Ser(307), which borders the nucleotide binding domain 1 ABC signature motif, and Ser(484), near the membrane, were dephosphorylated on glucose depletion and independently rephosphorylated during glucose exposure or under stress. The S484A enzyme retained half the wild type ATPase activity without affecting azole resistance, but the S307A enzyme was unstable to plasma membrane isolation. Studies of pump function suggested conformational interaction between Ser(484) and Ser(307). An S307A/S484A double mutant, which failed to efflux the Cdr1p substrate rhodamine 6G, had a fluconazole susceptibility 4-fold greater than the Cdr1p expressing strain, twice that of the S307A mutant, but 64-fold less than the control null strain. Stable intragenic suppressors indicative of homodimer nucleotide binding domain 1-nucleotide binding domain 1 interactions partially restored rhodamine 6G pumping and increased fluconazole and rhodamine 6G resistance in the S307A/S484A mutant. Nucleotide binding domain 1 of Cdr1p is a sensor of important physiological stimuli.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Wada S, Tanabe K, Yamazaki A, Niimi M, Uehara Y, Niimi K, Lamping E, Cannon RD, Monk BC
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