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Reference: Schmid M, et al. (2004) ChIC and ChEC; genomic mapping of chromatin proteins. Mol Cell 16(1):147-57

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Abstract


To map the genomic interaction sites of chromatin proteins, two related methods were developed and experimentally explored in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The ChIC method (chromatin immunocleavage) consists of tethering a fusion protein (pA-MN) consisting of micrococcal nuclease (MN) and staphylococcal protein A to specifically bound antibodies. The nuclease is kept inactive during the tethering process (no Ca2+). The ChEC method (chromatin endogenous cleavage) consists of expressing fusion proteins in vivo, where MN is C-terminally fused to the proteins of interest. The specifically tethered nucleases are activated with Ca2+ ions to locally introduce double-stranded DNA breaks. We demonstrate that ChIC and ChEC map proteins with a 100-200 bp resolution and excellent specificity. One version of the method is applicable to formaldehyde-fixed nuclei, another to native cells with comparable results. Among various model experiments, these methods were used to address the conformation of yeast telomeres.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Schmid M, Durussel T, Laemmli UK
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