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Reference: Chaban YL, et al. (2004) Structural characterization of an ATPase active F1-/V1 -ATPase (alpha3beta3EG) hybrid complex. J Biol Chem 279(46):47866-70

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Abstract


Co-reconstitution of subunits E and G of the yeast V-ATPase and the alpha and beta subunits of the F(1)-ATPase from the thermophilic Bacillus PS3 (TF(1)) resulted in an alpha(3)beta(3)EG hybrid complex showing 53% of the ATPase activity of TF(1). The alpha(3)beta(3)EG oligomer was characterized by electron microscopy. By processing 40,000 single particle projections, averaged two-dimensional projections at 1.2-2.4-nm resolution were obtained showing the hybrid complex in various positions. Difference mapping of top and side views of this complex with projections of the atomic model of the alpha(3)beta(3) subcomplex from TF(1) (Shirakihara, Y., Leslie, A. G., Abrahams, J. P., Walker, J. E., Ueda, T., Sekimoto, Y., Kambara, M., Saika, K., Kagawa, Y., and Yoshida, M. (1997) Structure 5, 825-836) demonstrates that a seventh mass is located inside the shaft of the alpha(3)beta(3) barrel and extends out from the hexamer. Furthermore, difference mapping of the alpha(3)beta(3)EG oligomer with projections of the A(3)B(3)E and A(3)B(3)EC subcomplexes of the V(1) from Caloramator fervidus (Chaban, Y., Ubbink-Kok, T., Keegstra, W., Lolkema, J. S., and Boekema, E. J. (2002) EMBO Rep. 3, 982-987) shows that the mass inside the shaft is made up of subunit E, whereby subunit G was assigned to belong at least in part to the density of the protruding stalk. The formation of an active alpha(3)beta(3)EG hybrid complex indicates that the coupling subunit gamma inside the alpha(3)beta(3) oligomer of F(1) can be effectively replaced by subunit E of the V-ATPase. Our results have also demonstrated that the E and gamma subunits are structurally similar, despite the fact that their genes do not show significant homology.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Chaban YL, Coskun U, Keegstra W, Oostergetel GT, Boekema EJ, Gruber G
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