Human light chain 3/MAP1LC3B, an autophagosomal ortholog of yeast Atg8, is conjugated to phospholipid (PL) via ubiquitylation-like reactions mediated by human Atg7 and Atg3. Since human Atg4B was found to cleave the carboxyl terminus of MAP1LC3B in vitro, we hypothesized that this exposes its carboxyl-terminal Gly(120). It was recently reported, however, that when Myc-MAP1LC3B-His is expressed in HEK293 cells, its carboxyl terminus is not cleaved. (Tanida, I., Sou, Y.-s., Ezaki, J., Minematsu-Ikeguchi, N., Ueno, T., and Kominami, E. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 36268-36276). To clarify this contradiction, we sought to determine whether the carboxyl terminus of MAP1LC3B is cleaved to expose Gly(120) for further ubiquitylation-like reactions. When MAP1LC3B-3xFLAG and Myc-MAP1LC3B-His were expressed in HEK293 cells, their carboxyl termini were cleaved, whereas there was little cleavage of mutant proteins MAP1LC3B(G120A)-3xFLAG and Myc-MAP1LC3B(G120A)-His, containing Ala in place of Gly(120). An in vitro assay showed that Gly(120) is essential for carboxyl-terminal cleavage by human Atg4B as well as for formation of the intermediates Atg7-MAP1LC3B (ubiquitin-activating enzyme-substrate) and Atg3-MAP1LC3B (ubiquitin carrier protein-substrate). Recombinant MAP1LC3B-PL was fractionated into the 100,000 x g pellet in a manner similar to that shown for endogenous MAP1LC3B-PL. RNA interference of MAP1LC3B mRNA resulted in a decrease in both endogenous MAP1LC3B-PL and MAP1LC3B. These results indicate that the carboxyl terminus of MAP1LC3B is cleaved to expose Gly(120) for further ubiquitylation-like reactions.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|