Nitric oxide (NO) has been found to inhibit the actions of the transmembrane metal reductase Fre1 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This membrane-spanning heme protein is homologous to the gp91(PHOX) protein of the NADPH oxidase enzyme complex and is responsible for reducing extracellular oxidized metals (i.e., ferric and cupric ions) before high-affinity uptake. Consistent with its role in metal metabolism, inhibition of Fre1 by NO also inhibited yeast growth in low-iron medium. Inhibition by NO was found to be O(2)-dependent and irreversible. Further examination of the chemistry responsible for activity loss shows that the generation of N(2)O(3) via NO-O(2) chemistry was responsible for the activity loss, possibly via nitrosation of the protein followed by loss of the heme prosthetic group.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|