Take our Survey

Reference: Yamashita K, et al. (2004) Rad6-Bre1-mediated histone H2B ubiquitylation modulates the formation of double-strand breaks during meiosis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(31):11380-5

Reference Help

Abstract

An E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, Rad6, working with an E3 ubiquitin ligase Bre1, catalyzes monoubiquitylation of histone H2B on a C-terminal lysine residue. The rad6 mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae shows a meiotic prophase arrest. Here, we analyzed meiotic defects of a rad6 null mutant of budding yeast. The rad6 mutant exhibits pleiotropic phenotypes during meiosis. RAD6 is required for efficient formation of double-strand breaks (DSBs) at meiotic recombination hotspots, which is catalyzed by Spo11. The mutation decreases overall frequencies of DSBs in a cell. The effect of the rad6 mutation is local along chromosomes; levels of DSBs at stronger hotspots are particularly reduced in the mutant. The absence of RAD6 has little effect on the formation of ectopic DSBs targeted by Spo11 fusion protein with a Gal4 DNA-binding domain. Furthermore, the disruption of the BRE1 as well as substitution of the ubiquitylation site of histone H2B also reduces some DSB formation similar to the rad6. These results suggest that Rad6-Bre1, through ubiquitylation of histone H2B, is necessary for efficient recruitment and/or stabilization of a DSB-forming machinery containing Spo11. Histone tail modifications might play a role in DSB formation during meiosis.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Yamashita K, Shinohara M, Shinohara A
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference