Reference: Borra MT, et al. (2004) Substrate specificity and kinetic mechanism of the Sir2 family of NAD+-dependent histone/protein deacetylases. Biochemistry 43(30):9877-87

Reference Help

Abstract

The Silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of enzymes consists of NAD(+)-dependent histone/protein deacetylases that tightly couple the hydrolysis of NAD(+) and the deacetylation of an acetylated substrate to form nicotinamide, the deacetylated product, and the novel metabolite O-acetyl-ADP-ribose (OAADPR). In this paper, we analyzed the substrate specificity of the yeast Sir2 (ySir2), the yeast HST2, and the human SIRT2 homologues toward various monoacetylated histone H3 and H4 peptides, determined the basic kinetic mechanism, and resolved individual chemical steps of the Sir2 reaction. Using steady-state kinetic analysis, we have shown that ySir2, HST2, and SIRT2 exhibit varying catalytic efficiencies and display a preference among the monoacetylated peptide substrates. Bisubstrate kinetic analysis indicates that Sir2 enzymes follow a sequential mechanism, where both the acetylated substrate and NAD(+) must bind to form a ternary complex, prior to any catalytic step. Using rapid-kinetic analysis, we have shown that after ternary complex formation, nicotinamide cleavage occurs first, followed by the transfer of the acetyl group from the donor substrate to the ADP-ribose portion of NAD(+) to form OAADPr and the deacetylated product. Product and dead-end inhibition analyses revealed that nicotinamide is the first product released followed by random release of OAADPr and the deacetylated product.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. | Comparative Study
Authors
Borra MT, Langer MR, Slama JT, Denu JM
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference