Analyses of isolated pre-ribosomes yielded biochemical "snapshots" of the dynamic, nascent 60S and 40S subunits during their path from the nucleolus to the cytoplasm. Here, we present the structure of a pre-60S ribosomal intermediate located in the nucleoplasm. A huge dynein-related AAA-type ATPase (Rea1) and the Rix1 complex (Rix1-Ipi1-Ipi3) are components of an extended (approximately 45 nm long) pre-60S particle. Antibody crosslinking in combination with electron microscopy revealed that the Rea1 localizes to the "tail" region and ribosomal proteins to the "head" region of the elongated "tadpole-like" structure. Furthermore, in vitro treatment with ATP induces dissociation of Rea1 from the pre-60S subunits. Rea1 and the Rix1 complex could mediate ATP-dependent remodeling of 60S subunits and subsequent export from the nucleoplasm to the cytoplasm.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|