Reference: Aiello DP, et al. (2004) The Ca2+ homeostasis defects in a pgm2Delta strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are caused by excessive vacuolar Ca2+ uptake mediated by the Ca2+-ATPase Pmc1p. J Biol Chem 279(37):38495-502

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Abstract


Loss of the major isoform of phosphoglucomutase (PGM) causes an accumulation of glucose 1-phosphate when yeast cells are grown with galactose as the carbon and energy source. Remarkably, the pgm2Delta strain also exhibits a severe imbalance in intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis when grown under these conditions. In the present study, we examined how the pgm2Delta mutation alters yeast Ca(2+) homeostasis in greater detail. We found that a shift from glucose to galactose as the carbon source resulted in a 2-fold increase in the rate of cellular Ca(2+) uptake in wild-type cells, whereas Ca(2+) uptake increased 8-fold in the pgm2Delta mutant. Disruption of the PMC1 gene, which encodes the vacuolar Ca(2+)-ATPase Pmc1p, suppressed the Ca(2+)-related phenotypes observed in the pgm2Delta strain. This suggests that excessive vacuolar Ca(2+) uptake is tightly coupled to these defects in Ca(2+) homeostasis. An in vitro assay designed to measure Ca(2+) sequestration into intracellular compartments confirmed that the pgm2Delta mutant contained a higher level of Pmc1p-dependent Ca(2+) transport activity than the wild-type strain. We found that this increased rate of vacuolar Ca(2+) uptake also coincided with a large induction of the unfolded protein response in the pgm2Delta mutant, suggesting that Ca(2+) uptake into the endoplasmic reticulum compartment was reduced. These results indicate that the excessive Ca(2+) uptake and accumulation previously shown to be associated with the pgm2Delta mutation are due to a severe imbalance in the distribution of cellular Ca(2+) into different intracellular compartments.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Aiello DP, Fu L, Miseta A, Sipos K, Bedwell DM
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