Substrates destined for degradation by the 26 S proteasome are labelled with polyubiquitin chains. Rpn11/Mpr1, situated in the lid subcomplex, partakes in the processing of these chains or in their removal from substrates bound to the proteasome. Rpn11 also plays a role in maintaining mitochondrial integrity, tubular structure and proper function. The recent finding that Rpn11 participates in proteasome-associated deubiquitination focuses interest on the MPN+ (Mpr1, Pad1, N-terminal)/JAMM (JAB1/MPN/Mov34) metalloprotease site in its N-terminal domain. However, Rpn11 damaged at its C-terminus (the mpr1-1 mutant) causes pleiotropic effects, including proteasome instability and mitochondrial morphology defects, resulting in both proteolysis and respiratory malfunctions. We find that overexpression of WT (wild-type) RPN8, encoding a paralogous subunit that does not contain the catalytic MPN+ motif, corrects proteasome conformations and rescues cell cycle phenotypes, but is unable to correct defects in the mitochondrial tubular system or respiratory malfunctions associated with the mpr1-1 mutation. Transforming mpr1-1 with various RPN8-RPN11 chimaeras or with other rpn11 mutants reveals that a WT C-terminal region of Rpn11 is necessary, and more surprisingly sufficient, to rescue the mpr1-1 mitochondrial phenotype. Interestingly, single-site mutants in the catalytic MPN+ motif at the N-terminus of Rpn11 lead to reduced proteasome-dependent deubiquitination connected with proteolysis defects. Nevertheless, these rpn11 mutants suppress the mitochondrial phenotypes associated with mpr1-1 by intragene complementation. Together, these results point to a unique role for the C-terminal region of Rpn11 in mitochondrial maintenance that may be independent of its role in proteasome-associated deubiquitination.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|