The cytochrome bc1 complex of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is composed of 10 different subunits that are assembled as a symmetrical dimer in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Three of the subunits contain redox centers and participate in catalysis, whereas little is known about the function of the seven supernumerary subunits. To gain further insight into the function of the supernumerary subunits in the assembly process, we have examined the subunit composition of mitochondrial membranes isolated from yeast mutants in which the genes for supernumerary subunits and cytochrome b were deleted and from yeast mutants containing double deletions of supernumerary subunits. Deletion of any one of the genes encoding cytochrome b, subunit 7 or subunit 8 caused the loss of the other two subunits. This is consistent with the crystal structure of the cytochrome bc1 complex that shows that these three subunits comprise its core, around which the remaining subunits are assembled. Absence of the cytochrome b/subunit 7/subunit 8 core led to the loss of subunit 6, whereas cytochrome c1, iron-sulfur protein, core protein 1, core protein 2 and subunit 9 were still assembled in the membrane, although in reduced amounts. Parallel changes in the amounts of core protein 1 and core protein 2 in the mitochondrial membranes of all of the deletion mutants suggest that these can be assembled as a subcomplex in the mitochondrial membrane, independent of the presence of any other subunits. Likewise, evidence of interactions between subunit 6, subunit 9 and cytochrome c1 suggests that a subcomplex between these two supernumerary subunits and the cytochrome might exist.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|