Reference: Fisher N, et al. (2004) Human disease-related mutations in cytochrome b studied in yeast. J Biol Chem 279(13):12951-8

Reference Help

Abstract


Several mutations in the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome b have been reported in patients. To characterize their effect, we introduced six "human" mutations, namely G33S, S152P, G252D, Y279C, G291D, and Delta252-259 in the highly similar yeast cytochrome b. G252D showed wild type behavior in standard conditions. However, Asp-252 may interfere with structural lipid and, in consequence, destabilize the enzyme assembly, which could explain the pathogenicity of the mutation. The mutations G33S, S152P, G291D, and Delta252-259 were clearly pathogenic. They caused a severe decrease of the respiratory function and altered the assembly of the iron-sulfur protein in the bc(1) complex, as observed by immunodetection. Suppressor mutations that partially restored the respiratory function impaired by S152P or G291D were found in or close to the hinge region of the iron-sulfur protein, suggesting that this region may play a role in the stable binding of the subunit to the bc(1) complex. Y279C caused a significant decrease of the bc(1) function and perturbed the quinol binding. The EPR spectra showed an altered signal, indicative of a lower occupancy of the Q(o) site. The effect of human mutation of residue 279 was confirmed by another change, Y279A, which had a more severe effect on Q(o) site properties. Thus by using yeast as a model system, we identified the molecular basis of the respiratory defect caused by the disease mutations in cytochrome b.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Fisher N, Castleden CK, Bourges I, Brasseur G, Dujardin G, Meunier B
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference