Several mutations in the mitochondrially encoded cytochrome b have been reported in patients. To characterize their effect, we introduced six "human" mutations, namely G33S, S152P, G252D, Y279C, G291D, and Delta252-259 in the highly similar yeast cytochrome b. G252D showed wild type behavior in standard conditions. However, Asp-252 may interfere with structural lipid and, in consequence, destabilize the enzyme assembly, which could explain the pathogenicity of the mutation. The mutations G33S, S152P, G291D, and Delta252-259 were clearly pathogenic. They caused a severe decrease of the respiratory function and altered the assembly of the iron-sulfur protein in the bc(1) complex, as observed by immunodetection. Suppressor mutations that partially restored the respiratory function impaired by S152P or G291D were found in or close to the hinge region of the iron-sulfur protein, suggesting that this region may play a role in the stable binding of the subunit to the bc(1) complex. Y279C caused a significant decrease of the bc(1) function and perturbed the quinol binding. The EPR spectra showed an altered signal, indicative of a lower occupancy of the Q(o) site. The effect of human mutation of residue 279 was confirmed by another change, Y279A, which had a more severe effect on Q(o) site properties. Thus by using yeast as a model system, we identified the molecular basis of the respiratory defect caused by the disease mutations in cytochrome b.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|