Reference: Vizeacoumar FJ, et al. (2004) Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p form a family of peroxisomal integral membrane proteins regulating peroxisome size and number in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Biol Cell 15(2):665-77

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Abstract

The peroxin Pex23p of the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica exhibits high sequence similarity to the hypothetical proteins Ylr324p, Ygr004p, and Ybr168p encoded by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome. Ylr324p, Ygr004p, and Ybr168p are integral to the peroxisomal membrane and act to control peroxisome number and size. Synthesis of Ylr324p and Ybr168p, but not of Ygr004p, is induced during incubation of cells in oleic acid-containing medium, the metabolism of which requires intact peroxisomes. Cells deleted for YLR324w exhibit increased numbers of peroxisomes, whereas cells deleted for YGR004w or YBR168w exhibit enlarged peroxisomes. Ylr324p and Ybr168p cannot functionally substitute for one another or for Ygr004p, whereas Ygr004p shows partial functional redundancy with Ylr324p and Ybr168p. Ylr324p, Ygr004p, and Ybr168p interact within themselves and with Pex28p and Pex29p, which have been shown also to regulate peroxisome size and number. Systematic deletion of genes demonstrated that PEX28 and PEX29 function upstream of YLR324w, YGR004w, and YBR168w in the regulation of peroxisome proliferation. Our data suggest a role for Ylr324p, Ygr004p, and Ybr168p--now designated Pex30p, Pex31p, and Pex32p, respectively--together with Pex28p and Pex29p in controlling peroxisome size and proliferation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Vizeacoumar FJ, Torres-Guzman JC, Bouard D, Aitchison JD, Rachubinski RA
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