Reference: Mohanty BK and Bastia D (2004) Binding of the replication terminator protein Fob1p to the Ter sites of yeast causes polar fork arrest. J Biol Chem 279(3):1932-41

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Abstract

Fob1p protein has been implicated in the termination of replication forks at the two tandem termini present in the non-transcribed spacer region located between the sequences encoding the 35 S and the 5 S RNAs of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the biochemistry and mode of action of this protein were previously unknown. We have purified the Fob1p protein to near-homogeneity, and we developed a novel technique to show that it binds specifically to the Ter1 and Ter2 sequences. Interestingly, the two sequences share no detectable homology. We present two lines of evidence showing that the interaction of the Fob1p with the Ter sites causes replication termination. First, a mutant of FOB1, L104S, that significantly reduced the binding of the mutant form of the protein to the tandem Ter sites, also failed to promote replication termination in vivo. The mutant did not diminish nucleolar transport, and interaction of the mutant form of Fob1p with itself and with another protein encoded in the locus YDR026C suggested that the mutation did not cause global misfolding of the protein. Second, DNA site mutations in the Ter sequences that separately and specifically abolished replication fork arrest at Ter1 or Ter2 also eliminated sequence-specific binding of the Fob1p to the two sites. The work presented here definitively established Ter DNA-Fob1p interaction as an important step in fork arrest.

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Journal Article
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Mohanty BK, Bastia D
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