Reference: Goehring AS, et al. (2003) Urmylation: a ubiquitin-like pathway that functions during invasive growth and budding in yeast. Mol Biol Cell 14(11):4329-41

Reference Help

Abstract


Ubiquitin is a small modifier protein that is conjugated to substrates to target them for degradation. Recently, a surprising number of ubiquitin-like proteins have been identified that also can be attached to proteins. Herein, we identify two molecular functions for the posttranslational protein modifier from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Urm1p. Simultaneous loss of Urm1p and Cla4p, a p21-activated kinase that functions in budding, is lethal. This result suggests a role for the urmylation pathway in budding. Furthermore, loss of the urmylation pathway causes defects in invasive growth and confers sensitivity to rapamycin. Our results indicate that the sensitivity to rapamycin is due to a genetic interaction with the TOR pathway, which is important for regulation of cell growth in response to nutrients. We have found that Urm1p can be attached to a number of proteins. Loss of five genes that are also essential in a cla4Delta strain, NCS2, NCS6, ELP2, ELP6, and URE2, affect the level of at least one Urm1p conjugate. Moreover, these five genes have a role in invasive growth and display genetic interactions with the TOR pathway. In summary, our results suggest the urmylation pathway is involved in nutrient sensing and budding.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Goehring AS, Rivers DM, Sprague GF Jr
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference