Polo-like kinases (Plks) perform crucial functions in cell-cycle progression and multiple stages of mitosis. Plks are characterized by a C-terminal noncatalytic region containing two tandem Polo boxes, termed the Polo-box domain (PBD), which has recently been implicated in phosphodependent substrate targeting. We show that the PBDs of human, Xenopus, and yeast Plks all recognize similar phosphoserine/threonine-containing motifs. The 1.9 A X-ray structure of a human Plk1 PBD-phosphopeptide complex shows that the Polo boxes each comprise beta6alpha structures that associate to form a 12-stranded beta sandwich domain. The phosphopeptide binds along a conserved, positively charged cleft located at the edge of the Polo-box interface. Mutations that specifically disrupt phosphodependent interactions abolish cell-cycle-dependent localization and provide compelling phenotypic evidence that PBD-phospholigand binding is necessary for proper mitotic progression. In addition, phosphopeptide binding to the PBD stimulates kinase activity in full-length Plk1, suggesting a conformational switching mechanism for Plk regulation and a dual functionality for the PBD.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|