Reference: Diaz M, et al. (2003) Decreased frequency and highly aberrant spectrum of ultraviolet-induced mutations in the hprt gene of mouse fibroblasts expressing antisense RNA to DNA polymerase zeta. Mol Cancer Res 1(11):836-47

Reference Help

Abstract

In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA polymerase zeta (pol zeta) is responsible for the great majority of mutations generated during error-prone translesion replication of DNA that contains UV-induced lesions. The catalytic subunit of pol zeta is encoded by the Rev3 gene. The orthologue of Rev3 has been cloned from higher eukaryotic cells, including human, but its role in mutagenesis and carcinogenesis remains obscure. Investigation into the cellular function of pol zeta has been hindered by the fact that Rev3 knockout mice do not survive beyond midgestation, and embryonic stem cells used to derive these mice are not genetically stable. We have generated a transgenic mouse that expresses antisense RNA transcripts to mRev3 endogeneous RNA. These mice are viable, have greatly reduced levels of Rev3 transcript, and have reduced levels of B cells and impaired development of high-affinity memory B cells. Here, we report that exposure of fibroblasts derived from these mice to UV resulted in a 4-5-fold reduction in mutant frequency at the hprt locus at every dose examined, and the mutation spectrum was highly aberrant compared with the control cells. In the control cells, 80% of the mutations were transitions and approximately 75% of these arose from photoproducts in the putative leading strand template. Strikingly, in transgenic cells, most of the mutations were transversions and there was a complete loss of strand bias. This mutation spectrum is highly aberrant and is similar to that induced by UV in human xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells, which lack polymerase eta. These data indicate that most UV-induced mutations are dependent on DNA pol zeta, a function that has been conserved from yeast to higher eukaryotic cells. However, in mammalian cells, other DNA polymerase(s) may accomplish error-prone translesion replication and are responsible for residual UV mutagenesis observed in the absence of pol zeta. Further, these data support a central role for DNA polymerase eta in the error-free bypass of UV photoproducts. The antisense Rev3 mice should be a useful model to study mutagenic lesion bypass by pol zeta in mammalian cells and to investigate the role this polymerase plays in carcinogenesis.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Diaz M, Watson NB, Turkington G, Verkoczy LK, Klinman NR, McGregor WG
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference