A single gene, VMA1, encodes the 69-kDa subunit of the vacuolar membrane H(+)-ATPase in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have proposed that the subunit is synthesized as a precursor of 120 kDa (1,071 amino acids) and then converted to the 69-kDa form by an unusual processing reaction, which removes the internal domain of 454 amino acids (residues 284-737) and joins the N- and C-terminal domains. Cysteine to serine mutations at residues 284 and 738, the residues that bracket the internal domain, were introduced into the VMA1 gene by site-directed mutagenesis, and the mutant genes were expressed in a null vma1 mutant. Cells harboring either of the mutant vma1 genes accumulate nonfunctional fragments of the subunit. The mutation of Cys-284 inhibited the cleavage of the N-terminal junction site. Cys-738-->Ser mutation appeared to block the processing at both junction sites although the mutant gene yielded a small fraction of the functional 69-kDa subunit.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|