We have used a genomic library of Candida albicans to transform Saccharomyces cerevisiae and screened for genes that act similarly to dominant negative mutations by interfering with pheromone-mediated cell cycle arrest. Six different plasmids were identified from 2000 transformants; four have been sequenced. One gene (CZF1) encodes a protein with structural motifs characteristic of a transcription factor. A second gene (CCN1) encodes a cyclin homologue, a third (CRL1) encodes a protein with sequence similarity to GTP-binding proteins of the RHO family, and a fourth (CEK1) encodes a putative kinase of the ERK family. Since CEK1 confers a phenotype similar to that of the structurally related S. cerevisiae gene KSS1 but cannot complement a KSS1 defect, it is evident that dominant negative selection can identify proteins that complementation screens would miss. Because dominant negative mutations exert their influence even in wild-type strain backgrounds, this approach should be a general method for the analysis of complex cellular processes in organisms not amenable to direct genetic analysis.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|