We have found that deletion of a 70-amino acid domain, spanning from position 141 to 210 in the N-terminal part of human topoisomerase I, has no effect on the catalytic activity of the enzyme in vitro but suppresses the lethal consequence of overexpressing human topoisomerase I in a rad52 top1 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. By immunostaining, the 70-amino acid domain is shown to be necessary for nuclear location of topoisomerase I. We demonstrate that the nuclear localization signal from the SV40 large T antigen can substitute for the 70-amino acid domain, restoring both the lethal effect of overexpression and the correct subcellular localization of topoisomerase I. Thus, we have identified a domain in the N-terminal part of human topoisomerase I, nonessential for catalytic activity in vitro but serving an in vivo function by directing the enzyme to the nucleus. Based on sequence comparisons, we suggest that this domain is a conserved element in the apparently non-homologous N-terminal parts of yeast and human topoisomerase I.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|