Take our Survey

Reference: Schenk PW, et al. (2003) Anticancer drug resistance induced by disruption of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae NPR2 gene: a novel component involved in cisplatin- and doxorubicin-provoked cell kill. Mol Pharmacol 64(2):259-68

Reference Help

Abstract

The therapeutic potential of antitumor drugs is seriously limited by the manifestation of cellular drug resistance. We used the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model system to identify novel mechanisms of resistance to one of the most active anticancer agents, cisplatin. We pinpointed NPR2 (nitrogen permease regulator 2) as a gene whose disruption conferred resistance to cisplatin. In addition, we observed a 4-fold cross-resistance of yeast npr2Delta cells (i.e., cells from which the NPR2 gene had been disrupted) to the anticancer drug doxorubicin, in combination with hypersensitivity to cadmium chloride. Furthermore, npr2Delta cells displayed unaltered cellular cisplatin and doxorubicin accumulation and showed an enhanced rate of spontaneous mutation compared with the isogenic parent. These data indicate that the npr2Delta phenotype overlaps that of the sky1Delta cells that we characterized previously (Mol Pharmacol 61:659-666, 2002). Therefore, we generated yeast npr2Delta sky1Delta double-knockout cells and performed clonogenic survival assays for cisplatin and doxorubicin, which revealed that NPR2 and SKY1 (SR-protein-specific kinase from budding yeast) are epistatic. The double-knockout strain was just as resistant to cisplatin and doxorubicin as the single-knockout strain that was most resistant to either drug. In conclusion, we identified NPR2 as a novel component involved in cell kill provoked by cisplatin and doxorubicin, and our data support the hypothesis that NPR2 and SKY1 may use mutual regulatory routes to mediate the cytotoxicity of these anticancer drugs.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Schenk PW, Brok M, Boersma AW, Brandsma JA, den Dulk H, Burger H, Stoter G, Brouwer J, Nooter K
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference