We identified and mapped RNA-binding sites of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae translation initiation factor eIF4G1 and examined their importance for eIF4G1 function in vitro and in vivo. Yeast eIF4G1 binds to single-stranded RNA with three different sites, the regions of amino acids 1-82 (N terminus), 492-539 (middle), and 883-952 (C terminus). The middle and C-terminal RNA-binding sites represent RS (arginine and serine)-rich domains; the N-terminal site is asparagine-, glutamine- and glycine-rich. The three RNA-binding sites have similar affinity for single-stranded RNA, whereas the affinity for single-stranded RNA full-length eIF4G1 is about 100-fold higher (approximate K(d) of 5 x 10(-8) M). Replacement of the arginine residues in the middle RS site by alanine residues abolishes its RNA-binding activity. Deletion of individual RNA-binding sites shows that eIF4G1 molecules lacking one binding site are still active in supporting growth of yeast cells and translation in vitro, whereas eIF4G1 molecules lacking two or all three RNA-binding sites are strongly impaired or inactive. These data suggest that RNA-binding activity is required for eIF4G1 function.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|