Reference: Field LS, et al. (2003) Factors controlling the uptake of yeast copper/zinc superoxide dismutase into mitochondria. J Biol Chem 278(30):28052-9

Reference Help

Abstract

We have previously shown that a fraction of yeast copper/zinc-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) and its copper chaperone CCS localize to the intermembrane space of mitochondria. In the present study, we have focused on the mechanism by which SOD1 is partitioned between cytosolic and mitochondrial pools. Using in vitro mitochondrial import assays, we show that only a very immature form of the SOD1 polypeptide that is apo for both copper and zinc can efficiently enter the mitochondria. Moreover, a conserved disulfide in SOD1 that is essential for activity must be reduced to facilitate mitochondrial uptake of SOD1. Once inside the mitochondria, SOD1 is converted to an active holo enzyme through the same post-translational modifications seen with cytosolic SOD1. The presence of high levels of CCS in the mitochondrial intermembrane space results in enhanced mitochondrial accumulation of SOD1, and this apparently involves CCS-mediated retention of SOD1 within mitochondria. This retention of SOD1 is not dependent on copper loading of the enzyme but does require protein-protein interactions at the heterodimerization interface of SOD1 and CCS as well as conserved cysteine residues in both molecules. A model for how CCS-mediated post-translational modification of SOD1 controls its partitioning between the mitochondria and cytosol will be presented.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Field LS, Furukawa Y, O'Halloran TV, Culotta VC
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference