We have analyzed the intracellular behavior of the human transferrin receptor (TfR) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The major part of the heterologously expressed TfR, which has previously been used as a model for heterologous expression of membrane proteins in yeast, is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes; a minor fraction is present in the plasma membrane (PM). The stability of the TfR depends on vacuolar proteases, implying that it is degraded in the vacuolar compartment. Degradation is further dependent on favorable transport conditions to this compartment. The main bottleneck of transport seems to be the transition from the ER to the PM. The chaperone Cne1p, which is involved in quality control in the ER, plays a role in regulating the amount of heterologous TfR, as deletion of CNE1 leads to significant accumulation of the protein. This is the first demonstration of the involvement of CNE1 in regulating the level of heterologous membrane proteins.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|