Take our Survey

Reference: Huang WP and Klionsky DJ (2002) Autophagy in yeast: a review of the molecular machinery. Cell Struct Funct 27(6):409-20

Reference Help

Abstract


Autophagy is a membrane trafficking mechanism that delivers cytoplasmic cargo to the vacuole/lysosome for degradation and recycling. In addition to non-specific bulk cytosol, selective cargoes, such as peroxisomes, are sorted for autophagic transport under specific physiological conditions. In a nutrient-rich growth environment, many of the autophagic components are recruited for executing a biosynthetic trafficking process, the cytoplasm to vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway, that transports the resident hydrolases aminopeptidase I and alpha-mannosidase to the vacuole in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Recent studies have identified pathway-specific components that are necessary to divert a protein kinase and a lipid kinase complex to regulate the conversion between the Cvt pathway and autophagy. Downstream of these proteins, the general machinery for transport vesicle formation involves two novel conjugation systems and a putative membrane protein complex. Completed vesicles are targeted to, and fuse with, the vacuole under the control of machinery shared with other vacuolar trafficking pathways. Inside the vacuole, a potential lipase and several proteases are responsible for the final steps of vesicle breakdown, precursor enzyme processing and substrate turnover. In this review, we discuss the most recent developments in yeast autophagy and point out the challenges we face in the future.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Review | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Huang WP, Klionsky DJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference