Structural effects of yeast cofilin on skeletal muscle and yeast actin were examined in solution. Cofilin binding to native actin was non-cooperative and saturated at a 1:1 molar ratio, with K(d)<or=0.05 microM for both CaATP-G-actin and F-actin. Cofilin binding enhanced the fluorescence of dansyl ethylenediamine (DED) attached to Gln41 on the DNase I binding loop of skeletal muscle F-actin and decreased the fluorescence of AEDANS at Cys41 on yeast Q41C/C374S mutant F-actin. However, cofilin had no effect on the spectral properties of DED or AEDANS on CaATP-G-actin. Fluorescence energy transfer (FRET) from tryptophan residues to DED at Gln41 on skeletal muscle actin and to AEDANS at Cys41 on yeast Q41C/C374S actin was decreased by cofilin binding to F- but not to G-actin. Cofilin inhibited strongly the rate of interprotomer disulfide cross-linking of Cys41 to Cys374 on yeast Q41C mutant F-actin. Binding of cofilin enhanced excimer formation between pyrene probes attached to Cys41 and Cys374 on Q41C F-actin. These results indicate that cofilin alters the interface between subdomains 1 and 2 and shifts the DNase I binding loop away from subdomain 1 of an adjacent actin protomer. Cofilin reduced FRET from tryptophan residues to 4-azido-2-nitrophenyl-putrescine (ANP) at Gln41 in skeletal muscle F-but not in G-actin. However, following the interprotomer cross-linking of Gln41 to Cys374 in F-actin by ANP, cofilin binding did not change FRET from the tryptophan residues to ANP. This suggests that cofilin binding and the conformational effect on F-actin are not coupled tightly. Overall, this study provides solution evidence for the weakening of longitudinal, subdomain 2/1 contacts in F-actin by cofilin.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|