Reference: Luo Z and Gallwitz D (2003) Biochemical and genetic evidence for the involvement of yeast Ypt6-GTPase in protein retrieval to different Golgi compartments. J Biol Chem 278(2):791-9

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Abstract

Yeast Ypt6p, the homologue of the mammalian Rab6 GTPase, is not essential for cell viability. Based on previous studies with ypt6 deletion mutants, a regulatory role of the GTPase either in protein retrieval to the trans-Golgi network or in forward transport between the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and early Golgi compartments was proposed. To assess better the primary role(s) of Ypt6p, temperature-sensitive ypt6 mutants were generated and analyzed biochemically and genetically. Defects in N-glycosylation of proteins passing the Golgi and of Golgi-resident glycosyltransferases as well as protein sorting defects in the trans-Golgi were recorded shortly after functional loss of Ypt6p. ER-to-Golgi transport and protein secretion were delayed but not interrupted. Mis-sorting of the vesicular SNARE Sec22p to the late Golgi was also observed. Combination of the ypt6-2 mutant allele with a number of mutants in forward and retrograde transport between ER, Golgi, and endosomes led to synthetic negative growth defects. The results obtained indicate that Ypt6p acts in endosome-to-Golgi, in intra-Golgi retrograde transport, and possibly also in Golgi-to-ER trafficking.

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Luo Z, Gallwitz D
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