Reference: Kusner DJ, et al. (2002) Regulation of phospholipase D activity by actin. Actin exerts bidirectional modulation of Mammalian phospholipase D activity in a polymerization-dependent, isoform-specific manner. J Biol Chem 277(52):50683-92

Reference Help

Abstract

Many critical cellular processes, including proliferation, vesicle trafficking, and secretion, are regulated by both phospholipase D (PLD) and the actin microfilament system. Stimulation of human PLD1 results in its association with the detergent-insoluble actin cytoskeleton, but the molecular mechanisms and functional consequences of PLD-actin interactions remain incompletely defined. Biochemical and pharmacologic modulation of actin polymerization resulted in complex bidirectional effects on PLD activity, both in vitro and in vivo. Highly purified G-actin inhibited basal and stimulated PLD activity, whereas F-actin produced the opposite effects. Actin-induced modulation of PLD activity was independent of the activating stimulus. The efficacy and potency of the effects of actin were isoform-specific but broadly conserved among actin family members. Human betagamma-actin was only 45% as potent and 40% as efficacious as rabbit skeletal muscle alpha-actin, whereas its inhibitory profile was similar to the single actin species from the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Use of actin polymerization-specific reagents indicated that PLD1 binds both monomeric G-actin, as well as actin filaments. These data are consistent with a model in which the physical state of the actin cytoskeleton is a critical determinant of its regulation of PLD activity.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Kusner DJ, Barton JA, Wen KK, Wang X, Rubenstein PA, Iyer SS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference